27Dec

why did god give israel a king

I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply. His battles do not involve earthly bloodshed, but are Spiritual victories over the hearts of His enemies. He was their leader. David was young when God chose him to be the next king. In verses 24 and 25 Ezekiel writes: “And my servant David shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in mine ordinances, and observe my statutes, and do them. Joel and Abijah (Samuel’s sons) became like Hophni and Phinehas (Eli’s sons), who treated God’s offerings with contempt and were even having relations with the women who served at the entrance of the tabernacle (1 Samuel 2:12-36). Though Samuel is contrasted with Eli in other ways, Samuel and Eli both raised wicked sons. Israel rejected Yahweh, and He gave them exactly what they asked for. In just the prior chapter, Yahweh threw the Philistines into “confusion,” and they were defeated before Israel (1 Samuel 7:10). However, there was also a problem with the timing of the king. It was only after the fact that the people realized they had committed a great “evil” (1 Samuel 12:17, 19). Making matters even worse, Yahweh had fought Israel’s battles under the leadership of Samuel! The victory over the _____ proved to the Israelites that Saul was God's choice as king of Israel. Having a king was not the real issue because God had already planned for Israel to have a king. By the time God was ready to form a nation for himself by delivering the Israelites from the oppressive rule of the Egyptian Pharaoh, every nation was ruled by someone and existed in tension with, and often at war with, other nations. Even though Yahweh was already judge and king of Israel and fought Israel’s battles, and even though a king would oppress them, Israel still demanded a king. The emphasis in 1 Samuel 8 is on Israel’s desire to be like the other nations. This forms a play on words, as the king’s judgments would be a judgment upon Israel from God. They are designed to ensure that the king does not elevate himself above the people and rule as a despot. Discipleship Through Preaching the Whole Counsel of God, ARK OF THE COVENANT symbolic of God's presence, GOOD WORKS result not the reason for salvation, HOLY SPIRIT changes the believer's nature, HOLY SPIRIT dependence on necessary for victory, HOLY SPIRIT enables obedience to God's law, HOLY SPIRIT frees believers from the law of sin and death, HOLY SPIRIT sanctifies and secures believers, HOMOSEXUALITY condemned throughout Scripture, JUSTIFICATION distinct from sanctification, PROPITIATION understanding of by the Philistines, SABBATH warning about travel during the Tribulation, SANCTIFICATION cannot be separated from justification, SANCTIFICATION conformity to the image of Christ, SANCTIFICATION distinct from justification, SIN acknowledgement of necessary for salvation, SLAVERY TO GOD believer's reason for holy living, SODOM judged for homosexuality not inhospitality, TRIBULATION warnings about travel in winter and on the Sabbath, WINTER warning about travel during the Tribulation, WRATH OF ABANDONMENT Old Testament examples of. So, God gave Israel exactly what she wanted. (1 Samuel 8), Covenantal Sex: How Sexual Union Makes, Breaks, or Renews the Marriage Covenant. Why Was Israel’s Request for a King Sinful? Then in due time, God sent the king He had planned to send all along, the greater David, to reign over Israel (Matthew 1:1; 22:42). Idolatry was rampant. He promised kingship to the patriarchs, saying that “kings” would come from them. But Israel was not happy with what God gave them at that time, and demanded a king before the time of the Lord’s plan. The king did in fact “save” Israel from their enemies (1 Samuel 9:16; 10:1; 2 Samuel 3:18). Let us examine these instructions regarding kings: When you come to the land that Yahweh your God is giving you, and you possess it and dwell in it and then say, “I will set a king over me, like all the nations that are around me,” you may indeed set a king over you whom Yahweh your God will choose. Why did Israel want a king? Israel’s request for a king displeased Samuel (literally, it was “evil in the eyes of Samuel”), and he prayed to Yahweh (1 Samuel 8:6). Jephthah described Yahweh as “the judge” (Judges 11:27). He disobeyed God by failing to completely destroy the Amalekites and all their possessions, as God had commanded. They did not consider the role of judge, which God had given Israel, to be enough for them. The people “refused to obey the voice of Samuel” and said, “No! It seems certain that Yahweh would have given Israel a king at some point. Israel Demands a King … 5 “Look,” they said, “you are old, and your sons do not walk in your ways. It existed long before (Judges 8:22; Judges 9:9). This is followed by three important restrictions—the king must not acquire many horses, many wives, nor excessive silver and gold (Deuteronomy 17:16-17). They wanted to be like other nations around them and have a king. When did God decide to remove Saul, Israel's first king, and raise up David in his place? Did God Intend for Israel to Have a King? God first instructed Samuel to warn Israel of the ways of the king who would reign over them. by Shawn Brasseaux. He loves free will that much! But God used this rejection as the very means of salvation. They want to be their own ruler. In their wickedness of a request for a human king God would send a perfect King who would be born many years later. Deuteronomy 17:14 said Israel would have a king “like all the nations” surrounding Israel had a king. And “the hand of Yahweh was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel” (1 Samuel 7:13). Israel wanted to be “like everyone else”—like their Gentile neighbors who had kings. And his line of kings was no all-star lineup. The people would cry out because of the king, but Yahweh would not answer them (1 Samuel 8:18). The nation whose God was to be the Lord alone was envious of … God had always planned to send Israel a true King, the Lord Jesus Christ, at the proper time. God rejected Saul for his willful disobedience and chose David as The next King of Israel because if He were ever Rebuked by God like in The Case of Uriah the Hittite, and his wife Bathsheba; David would submit to the Punishment, … (Both “serve” and “slave” come from the Hebrew word עבד, eved.) Yahweh instructed Samuel to obey the people, “for they have not rejected you, but they have rejected me from being king over them” (1 Samuel 8:7). Their sinful request would eventually be God's way of saving them. And that is what we see in the history of Israel’s monarchy, as Israel’s kings were out for themselves. The Lord Jesus Christ is the true King of Israel. Israel’s sinful demand meant that the kingship would be a judgment on them for rejecting Yahweh. The nation, in 930 B.C., then suddenly split into two distinct entities with unique ruling dynasties. He would require a “tenth” (or “tithe”) of their goods, thus setting himself up as equal to God (1 Samuel 8:15, 17). So God gave them their hearts’ desire in King Saul. Saul committed something far worse in the eyes of God. The result was that they got a king who was ideal in the eyes of man: tall, strong, and brave. God’s words reveal that the primary problem was Israel, not Samuel. However, Israel’s sinful motives and impatience were not outside of God’s sovereign control. In this post I’ll look at why God rejected Saul as king. 2. Jesus is not like the kings of the nations. The Bible teaches that God, who reigns over all the earth (Psalm 47), is also in a special sense the king of the people of Israel. God brought Israel victory over the Philistines and peace between Israel and the Amorites, all under the judgeship of Samuel (1 Samuel 7:13-14). One from among your brothers you shall set as king over you. The Hebrew for “take” (לקח, lakach) is used four times in this section (8:11, 13, 14, 16). Sometimes it is thought that the very concept of kingship in Israel was bad, but this does not fit with other texts of Scripture. Now appoint for us a king to judge us like all the nations (1 Samuel 8:5). Like all sinners, descendants of Adam are no different today. If you are surrounded by dirty people, is it worth getting dirty just to fit in? As to why God was angry at David, in those times, a man only had the right to count or number what belonged to him. And God fulfils himself in many ways, Lest one good custom should corrupt the world" (Tennyson) Introductory. God told Samuel to obey Israel and make them a king, and Samuel told the men of Israel to go to their cities (1 Samuel 8:22). b) Each tribe did not have its own unique body of law. I will bless her, and she shall become nations; kings of peoples shall come from her (Genesis 17:16). Thus says the LORD God of Israel, ‘It is I who anointed you king over Israel and it is I who delivered you from the hand of Saul. The reason why God initially anointed Saul who was not from the tribe of Judah, was because the whole idea of anointing then a King was against God's will. In 1 Samuel 8, Israel wants to install a king to make them like other nations. In my next post I’ll consider how God could call David a “man after my own heart.” Kingship in Israel was supposed to be different from kingship in the surrounding nations. In Deuteronomy 17:14-20, God gave the qualifications for a king. Yet this was not good enough for the people of Israel. Because they had already turned away from Him. Rembrandt, King Saul (detail) These are excellent questions. Israel already had a true Judge and King in Yahweh. JEHOVAH God said in Hosea 13:11, speaking of events that happened centuries prior: “I gave thee a king in mine anger, and took him away in my wrath.”This “king” is Saul, David’s predecessor. The Hebrew word for the “ways” of the king is מִשְׁפַּ֣ט (mishpat), which is usually translated as “judgment” (1 Samuel 8:9, 11). Instead of turning to the Lord, Israel traded Yahweh for an earthly king out of fear of the serpent. After that, God gave kings to Israel, but many of them did not serve the Lord. Israel had reason to be concerned over Samuel as judge because of his appointment of his rebellious sons as leaders in Israel. And Israel wanted a king to fight their battles, despite the fact that Yahweh fought their battles for them. Why Did Ancient Israel Ask for a King? Outside of a few exceptions, Israel’s kings were wicked and oppressive. The king of Israel was chosen by the God of the Israelites. For a few centuries there was no king. A king would “take” their things—their sons and daughters, their produce, their servants, and their flock (1 Samuel 8:11-18). God had created Israel as a unique people. The tribes had little political autonomy. As for motive, Israel wanted a king in order to be “like all the nations.”. He was Israel’s perfect King and allowed them to request a human king. In many ways, the monarchy was a judgment upon Israel. First, the king was to be an Israelite (17:15). The question seems not so much to be that both men sinned, but in the nature of the offence committed. Samuel made a serious mistake when he made his wicked sons, Joel and Abijah, judges in Israel (1 Samuel 8:1). But God allowed Saul to remain as king for several years, even after He had chosen David to replace him. Behold, you are old and your sons do not walk in your ways. God required that the king be an Israelite. When the Israelites wanted a king like other nations had, they were rejecting their unique, set-apart position as God’s people. KnowingScripture.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. First Samuel 8 marks a significant transition in Israel’s history. But Israel lacked patience. Your sinful decisions will end in disaster but God will give you your way if you insist. Saul’s family and the northern tribes of Israel refused to accept David as king even though God had chosen him. Saul, Israel’s first king, did in fact lead them in victory over Nahash (1 Samuel 11). All contributed content represents the views of the contributor and does not necessarily represent the views of KnowingScripture.com. They took bribes and perverted justice” (1 Samuel 8:3). She did not want God ruling over her as King. You may not put a foreigner over you, who is not your brother (Deuteronomy 17:14-15). This is an assumption that they make based on unbelieving presuppositions. ‘Everyone did what was right in his own eyes’ (Judges 21:25), instead of seeking the will of God. However, it did not say Israel was to have a king in order to to become like the nations. Early in his career, Saul made a fatal mistake. Ezekiel 37:22-25 indicates that Israel in that future day will have one king over them and will be a people of God. Jesus did not come to be served, but to serve, and He did this by dying on a cross for our sin. Activity: King Demands vs. God Demands-print out the linked pages. This meant the king would belong to the people who recognized the authority of God. By giving Israel a king, God divinely set in motion the events that would culminate with Him sending them the King who would save them from their sins, the King of kings, Jesus Christ. Ammonites. So kingship was not a bad thing, and it was expected that God would give Israel a king in due time. Of course, liberal scholars say this was written after the monarchy arose in Israel. After Saul died, David became king of Judah (2 Samuel 2:4). (NET translates this “policies” and KJV “manner”). Just as God could rule His people through a prophet, He could rule his people through a king. The King the People Wanted. Despite God’s warnings, they were adamant — enough with this judge stuff; give us a king! Illustrating the old adage, “be careful what you wish for because you just might get it,” the Lord responded to the pleas of the Israelites to give them a king … By demanding a king, Israel rejected Yahweh as king. Thus the problem here was with the motive and the timing of Israel’s request. Yet, it’s clear from the biblical narrative that God originally wanted Israel to be an exception to this. Tagged: Samuel, Saul, Kingship, Monarchy, Deuteronomy 17, 1 Samuel 8. WHY DID KING SAUL DIE? She twice argued with Samuel to anoint a king. Israel’s king was not to be considered divine. Israel’s Disobedience Let us recall the things that God had told the Children of Israel to do, which they did in spite of His warnings. Yet it came about through sin (just like the crucifixion of Jesus was planned for and came about through sin). But there shall be a king over us, that we also may be like all the nations, and that our king may judge us and go out before us and fight our battles” (1 Samuel 8:19-20). This was seen with the golden calf in Exodus, the wilderness wanderings in Numbers, and the rebellions throughout Judges. - The desire of Israel for a king, as expressed by their elders to Samuel,was a turning point in their history. God gave Israel the monarchy, and after the failings of Saul, He chose His own king, David, to lead Israel. These King's of Israel were to lead by example in their reverence for God and not indulge in immoral behavior that would lead all of Israel to go astray. This is most clear in 1 Samuel 8:20, where Israel says they will be like the nations in that their king may “judge” them and “fight” their battles. Samuel later anointed Saul as the first king of Israel (1 Samuel 10:1). Furthermore, God gave instructions for a king in Deuteronomy 17:14-20. Unlike many commentaries, this book is enjoyable to read straight through. God gave Israel the monarchy, and after the failings of Saul, He chose His own king, David, to lead Israel. Israel rejected Yahweh, and He gave them exactly what they asked for. A key part of the conditional covenant between God and Israel was obedience. Israel was "getting dirty" by depending on a man more than God. In chapter two, God rejected Eli as judge, but in chapter eight, Israel rejected Samuel as judge. Leithart is skilled at identifying themes and types throughout the Bible (though he makes some connections that may be a stretch). Saul, as God's anointed king, was responsible for keeping that command. Israel had been a rebellious people throughout their history, constantly rejecting Yahweh and serving false gods. He had brought them out of Egypt from under the wicked king Pharaoh many years before and had proved to them that He was their God. So in summary: God was reluctant to give Israel a king when they demanded one because they were looking for an earthly and not a heavenly king; and because they did not want to wait for God’s time. And it was clear that this was not God’s perfect plan for Israel: for king Saul came not from the tribe of Judah, but from Benjamin. David committed adultery and even murder. The elders of Israel came to Samuel at his home in Ramah and said, “Behold, you are old and your sons do not walk in your ways. However, Israel rejected Samuel and demanded a king, making Samuel the last judge of Israel. God also gave instructions that the king is to write out a copy of the law from the Levitical priests and read it all his days so that he may fear Yahweh and keep His commandments and thus continue long in his kingdom (Deuteronomy 17:18-20). Israel wanted a king to judge them, despite the fact that Yahweh was their judge. Now appoint a king to judge us like all the other nations.” 6 But when they said, “Give us a king to judge us,” their demand was displeasing in the sight of Samuel; so he prayed to the LORD. However, Israel sinned in their demand for a king. "He was king over Jeshurun when the leaders of the people assembled, along with the tribes of Israel," we read in Deuteronomy 33:5 (NIV).. Because the ancient Israelites had a divine king, they did not necessarily require a human ruler. Perhaps you wonder why God allows certain things to happen in the world, even bad things. 1. God's Qualifications For Israel's King. The Bible gives us several reasons for ancient Israel’s request, and it shows not only why this desire was sinful, but also, how the fulfillment of Israel’s desire has been causing much pain and suffering for Israel and all of mankind… Why did God give them a King, then? In asking for a king who would judge them, God gave Israel exactly what they asked for—an earthly king who would seek his own. His sons “did not walk in his ways but turned aside after gain. God, for the first 355 years the children of Israel lived in the Promised Land, was their sole King.Afterwards, the united Israelite kingdom had three human rulers (Saul, David and Solomon). Second, the king must not acquire many horses (17:16a). In his farewell speech, Samuel reveals that Israel demanded a king when Nahash (“serpent” in Hebrew) the king of the Ammonites came against them (1 Samuel 12:12). A good example of this comes from the Book of Joshua: And Joshua captured all these kings and their land at one time, because Yahweh God of Israel fought for Israel (Joshua 10:42). Now appoint for us a king to judge us like all the nations” (1 Sam 8:4-5 ESV). Yet as Samuel says, Israel demanded a king “when Yahweh your God was your king” (1 Samuel 12:12). The rise of the kingdom of Israel was no surprise to God; he had planned for it long ago. God sent prophets, but most often the people did not repent and return to Him. When Saul sinned by making a sacrifice to God that wasn't his to make: Then the Philistines gathered together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen, and people as the sand which is on the seashore in multitude. Finally king. His reign is righteous, and we who trust in Him will enter into His eternal kingdom. God continued, “According to all the deeds that they have done, from the day I brought them up out of Egypt even to this day, forsaking me and serving others gods, so they are also doing to you” (1 Samuel 8:8). Samuel seems to have recounted this passage when he told the people how the kingship would function (literally “the judgment of the kingship”), which he wrote in a book and laid before Yahweh (1 Samuel 10:25). Solomon violated all three of these prohibitions in 1 Kings 11:1-8, thus proving himself to be the paradigmatic bad king. Moreover, if this were the case, one would expect more specific (and negative) language in Deuteronomy 17 following that of 1 Samuel 8. And now Israel rejected Yahweh by revolting against Samuel. Even the ideal king, David, had his moral failings. Instead of “serving” Yahweh (1 Samuel 7:4), Israel would become “slaves” to their king (1 Samuel 8:17). I will bless her, and moreover, I will give you a son by her. Solomon appointed "twelve governors over all Israel" (I Kings 4:7). In Exodus 30:12 God told Moses, “When you take a census of the Israelites to count them, each one must pay the LORD a ransom for his life at the time he is counted. The first page is the activity board. The king would be a tyrant. God told Abraham: I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make you into nations, and kings shall come from you (Genesis 17:6). Yet like Samuel, He was rejected by His people, even to the point of crucifixion. He does not take from His own people, but gives them gifts, the greatest of which is eternal life. God planned for that evil. However, the people did not listen and insisted on a king. The main reason why Israel wanted a king was to be “like all the other nations” (Hindson and Yates 2012). What were the signs given to Saul by Samuel. Instead, the tribes shared a common heritage of law, that given by God through Moses at Mount Sinai (see Exodus 19:20ff). a) Each tribe, separately, did not have its own king. Why did Saul's sins lead to his rejection as King of Israel, but David's sins did not cost him his crown? God is sovereign. Israel’s monarchy makes it even clearer that Israel needed Yahweh as king. That means He is in control of all things. Jesus is not like the king that Israel wanted. Yet his heart was not right with God. God redeemed the monarchy and brought it into His covenant, seen in the promised Davidic covenant (2 Samuel 7:8-16). Now appoint for us a king to judge us like all the nations” (1 Samuel 8:4-5). Israel did not belong to David; Israel belonged to God. While Saul was the first king of Israel, his reign was but a brief intermission in God’s design to set a faithful king over His people. Saul would meet three men going to Bethel. But there shall be a king over us, that we also may be like all the nations, and that our king may judge us and go out before us and fight our battles (1 Samuel 8:19-20). He offered them an opportunity to become the model nation of His way of life for all nations, so that all people could have His blessings. 1. A nation and a company of nations shall come from you, and kings shall come from your own body (Genesis 35:11). God chose the Israelites (the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob) for a special purpose. 7 And the LORD said to Samuel, “Listen to the voice of the people in all that they say to you. However, Israel’s sinful motives and impatience were not outside of God’s sovereign control. Israel had sinful motives in demanding a king, as they wanted to be like the other nations instead of the holy (set apart) nation that Yahweh had made them (Exodus 19:6). Yahweh came to earth in the form of a man, taking on human flesh. No! For further study on 1 and 2 Samuel, I strongly recommend A Son to Me: An Exposition of 1 & 2 Samuel by Peter Leithart. God not only knew Israel would want a king, but He permitted it. And Scripture says throughout that it was Yahweh who “fought for Israel” and gave them victory in battle (Exodus 14:14; Deuteronomy 1:30; 3:22; 20:4; Joshua 10:14, 42; 23:3; Nehemiah 4:20). October 19, 2015. When Israel sought a king, as God said they would, to be like the other nations, they did a great evil. Every organization must have a leader, so God lays down instructions as to how the leader should conduct himself in office. Israel’s monarchy makes it even clearer that Israel needed Yahweh as king. This desire was not new. But this raises a question—why was Israel’s request for a king sinful? 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